Words For Gender Agreement

A similar, seemingly arbitrary gender assignment can occur with indeterminate pronouns where the speaker is usually unknown. In this case, the question is usually not which pronoun to use, but what gender to assign to a particular pronoun (for purposes such as matching adjectives). For example, the French pronouns someone (“someone”), person (“person”) and something (“something”) are all treated as masculine – this despite the fact that the latter two correspond to feminine nouns (person means “person” and chose the meaning “thing”). [27] Essentially, our results show that readers care about the grammatical gender of words, both articles and names, and process this information in real time when understanding written sentences. As expected, the semantic adjustment of a noun in the context of the sentence modulated the N400 amplitude with greater negativity, followed by greater posterior positivity for incongruent nouns versus congruent nouns. The gender correspondence between a name and its previous article modulated the amplitude of late positivity and N400 in interaction with semantic congruence. In addition, consistent with our previous conclusions, the EPR model referred to in the article before the name appeared to reflect whether the gender of the article was expected due to the context of the current sentence. This effect of gender expectation was characterized by widespread positivity, as opposed to the increased negativity we observed in previous studies when the same goal was represented by a line drawing. La Heij, W., Mak, P., Sander, J., and Willeboordse, E. (1998). The gender congruence effect in image-word tasks. 61, 209–219. doi: 10.1007/s004260050026 Finally, although there was no interaction in the peak-to-peak comparison between conditions, a post-hoc comparison of the ERP difference shows that the effect of double violations (gender incompatibility, semantically incongruent less gender matching, congruent) was significantly smaller than the algebraically added effects of semantic congruence (semantic injury condition minus gender match, congruent) plus gender match (state of lesion of genus minus condition of genus) -congruent, congruent), both in average amplitude between 500 and 900 msec when measured relative to the baseline of the prestimulus (double = 0.69 ?V vs sum = 2.87 ?V; p <.00001) and when measuring peak at peak (double = 8.38 ?V vs sum = 13.37; p <, 00001) (Figure 5).

In English, the problem of gender determination does not arise in the plural, since gender in this language is reflected only in pronouns and plural pronoun has no gender-specific forms. .