What Is The Geneva Agreement

The Geneva Convention is a series of international diplomatic meetings that have resulted in a number of agreements, in particular the humanitarian law of armed conflict, a set of international laws on the humane treatment of wounded or captured military personnel, medical personnel and non-military civilians during wars or armed conflicts. The agreements were created in 1864 and were significantly updated in 1949 after World War II. Diplomats from South Korea, North Korea, the People`s Republic of China (PRC), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America (USA) discussed the Korean side of the conference. For the Indochinese side, there were agreements between France, the Viet Minh, the USSR, the PRC, the United States, the United Kingdom and the future states made up of French`Indochina. [4] The agreement temporarily divides Vietnam into two zones, a northern zone that will be governed by the Viet Minh and a southern zone governed by the State of Vietnam, then ruled by former Emperor B?o ??i. A final declaration of the conference, issued by the British president of the conference, stipulated that general elections should be held by July 1956 in order to create a united Vietnamese state. Although they contributed to the creation of the agreements, they were not directly signed or accepted by the delegates of the State of Vietnam and the United States, and the State of Vietnam subsequently refused to allow the elections, which led to the Vietnam War the following year. Three separate ceasefire agreements covering Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam were signed at the conference. The Geneva Conventions include four treaties and three additional protocols that set the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in time of war. The singular term Geneva Convention usually refers to the 1949 treaties negotiated after World War II (1939-1945), which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties and added two new conventions. The Geneva Conventions defined in detail the fundamental rights of prisoners of war (civilian and military), created protection for the wounded and sick, and created protection for the civilian population in and around a war zone. The 1949 treaties were ratified in full or with reservations by 196 countries.

[1] In addition, the Geneva Convention also defines the rights and protection granted to non-combatants. The Geneva Conventions concern soldiers at war; they do not deal with the actual conduct of war – the use of weapons of war – which is the subject of the Hague Conventions[a] and the Geneva Protocol on Biochemical Warfare. [b] All parties to the conference called for reunification elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of “local commissions”. The United States, with the support of the United Kingdom and the associated states of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN monitoring. This was rejected by Molotov, who opted for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only decide on “important” issues unanimously. [15] Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections […].