The main positive achievement of the Stockholm Agreement was on the Hodeida front. Fighting in Hodeidah has virtually ceased for nearly a year and the ceasefire has lasted for about 13 months. This is thanks to the presence on the ground of the United Nations Hodeida Support Mission [UNMHA], established in January 2019, whose mandate was extended for a further six months on 13 January 2020. Although it has faced significant difficulties and is in third place, it is now fully occupied and has set up four “observation posts” in the city of Hodeidah, which help to keep the area free of fighting and facilitate the transit of goods between the port and inland roads. The “deployment of the armed forces”, which required the deployment of armed forces on both sides and the transfer of the three ports to the local security forces, agreed by both sides and approved by the United Nations, was less successful. Of course, this formulation allowed each party to interpret the situation as it wanted, and that is exactly what it did. • This Agreement shall not be considered as a precedent to which reference may be made in subsequent consultations or negotiations. This agreement will be implemented in phases, the details of which will be defined by the Reintegration Coordination Committee. The transfer of the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa and critical parts of the city that are linked to humanitarian facilities is the first phase and will be completed within two weeks of the ceasefire coming into effect. The full transfer of all armed forces from the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa will be completed within a maximum of 21 days from the entry into force of the ceasefire. The weekend was preceded by a hard day. On Monday, the Houthis launched two attacks on posts controlled by pro-government forces on the eastern outskirts of the port city of Hodeidah.
The first was launched from Al Khamseen Street and another took place in the 16-kilo area of the eastern city of Hodeidah, a commander of the joint forces said. “As usual, the Houthi rebels violated the ceasefire and violated the Stockholm agreement,” he said. In this regard, the Stockholm agreement helps with regard to the Government of Yemen and the Houthi fighters who have accepted the conditions. Evidence that the parties to the Agreement were motivated and influenced by human rights considerations, as well as the explicit recognition that the provisions of the Agreement were humanitarian in nature and were adopted in accordance with international human rights standards, indicate the recognition of human rights and humanitarian responsibility with regard to indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population, access to humanitarian assistance, and abuse and torture during arbitrary and unlawful detention. . . .