Kigali Agreement On Ozone

The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem. In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. “Any ratification of the Kigali amendment brings us closer to repeating the success of the Montreal Protocol in the fight against ozone-depleting substances,” said Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat. “This success is based on the cooperation of nations. I look forward to more than 100 ratifications and look forward to many more in the months and years ahead. The UNITED Nations secretariat for ozone is the secretariat of the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances.

The secretariat assists and assists the contracting parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, as well as other stakeholders, in the implementation of measures to protect and strengthen the ozone layer and mitigate climate change. In the past, these applications used chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), but in the 1970s we discovered the harmful effect of these gases on the ozone layer, which was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995. [4] The Montreal Protocol, signed by many states in 1987 and entered into force in 1989, decided to end the CFCs. The use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) then developed as a replacement. The amendment builds on the success of the Montreal Protocol, established in 1987 for the protection of human health and the environment following the depletion of the ozone layer. With the general support of 198 parties, the Montreal Protocol resulted in the abandonment of nearly 99% of ozone-depleting substances. Proof of the photo: REPORTING services IISD (2016), www.iisd.ca/ozone/resumed-oewg38-mop28/ In order to protect the climate and the ozone layer, more than 170 countries agreed on a change in the protocol at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances in Kigali, Rwanda. The Kigali amendment aims to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by reducing their production and consumption. Because of their zero effect on ozone depletion, CFCs are currently being used to replace hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), but they are potent greenhouse gases.